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Case Studies

Transformational leadership elicits effort and commitment from followers by attending to emotions, values, ethics, and long-term goals, and by assessing followers' motives, satisfying their individual needs, and treating them with dignity and respect.

Means, standard deviations and intercorrelations for all variables used in the analyses are displayed in Table I. Results Between-rank differences in perceived leadership behavior frequencies To examine between-rank differences in perceived leadership behavior frequencies, one-way between-subjects analyses of variance were performed using perceived transformational leadership, perceived contingent reward leadership, and perceived active management-by-exception leadership as separate criterion variables.

Contrary to expectations, for contingent reward leadership, neither the DR 2 at Step 3 for job satisfaction nor the DR 2 at Step 3 for attitudes toward the supervisor 2 were significant, suggesting that the relationships...